In many languages of the world, the forms in the irrealis domain (subjunctive, conjunctive, conditional) are also used in complement clauses.
The second, minor group includes epistemic uses of A new kind of frequency dictionary is a valuable reference for researchers and learners of Russian.It shows the grammatical profiles of nouns, adjectives and verbs, namely, the distribution of grammatical forms in the inflectional paradigm.The paper identifies Russian verbs licensing subjunctive in complement clauses, either as the only option or as an alternative to the indicative.Basing on the Russian National Corpus, a list of these predicates is compiled, with relative frequencies of subjunctive vs. The main result of the study is distinguishing two types of subjunctive complement clauses.Semantic structure of the term is identified based on its lexicographic and regulatory definitions.
Building benchmark corpora in the domain of coreference and anaphora resolution is an important task for developing and evaluating NLP systems and models.
A user can switch between a ‛basicʼ version which is based on a smaller collection of manually disambiguated texts, and an ‛expandedʼ version which is based on the main corpus, the newspaper corpus, the corpus of poetry and the spoken corpus (320 million words in total).
The article addresses some general issues such as establishing the common basis of comparison, a level of granularity of grammatical profile, units of measurement.
The dictionary departs from traditional frequency lexicography in several ways: 1) word forms are arranged in paradigms, and their frequencies can be compared and ranked; 2) the dictionary is focused on the grammatical profiles of individual lexemes rather than on overall distribution of grammatical features (e.g.
the fact that Future forms are used less frequently than Past forms); 3) grammatical profiles of lexical units can be compared against the mean scores of their lexico-semantic class; 4) in each part of speech or semantic class, lexemes with certain biases in grammatical profile can be easily detected (e.g.
Most predicates belong to the group which is similar to purpose clauses with , both semantically and syntactically.