Based on statistical analyses from 2006, Muslims were estimated as constituting 87% of the total population, although their proportion was possibly greater and was certainly growing.The Muslim birth rate reportedly was higher than that of the minorities, and proportionately fewer Muslims were emigrating.
Most Christians live in Damascus, Aleppo, Homs, and other large cities along with significant numbers in Al-Hasakah Governorate in northeastern Syria, Tartus and Latakia.
Nearly 90 percent of the Alawis live in the coastal area of the country, namely in Latakia Governorate and in Tartus Governorate in the rural areas of the Jabal an Nusayriyah; they constitute over 80 percent of the rural population of the coastal area.
of whom about 80% are native Syrian Arabs, with the remainder being Kurds, Turkomans, Circassians, and Palestinians.
Sunni Islam sets the religious tone for Syria and provides the country's basic values.
The western mountain group is poor and suffers from land hunger and overpopulation—resulting in a drift toward the wealthier eastern areas as well as seasonal migration to the Salamiyah area, where many of them find employment at harvest-time.
The wealthier Ismailis of Salamiyah have fertile and well-watered land.
The Ismailis are concentrated between the Salamiyah region and Masyaf region in Hamah Governorate; approximately 10,000 more inhabit the mountains of Tartus Governorate in a small city called Al-Qadmus.
The Jewish community has declined dramatically in the last 20 years.
The Twelvers/Imamis, numbering about 25,000 or 0.5% of the population of Syria.
In Damascus there are Twelvers/Imamis living near to the Shia pilgrimage sites, especially in the al-Amara-quarter which is near to Umayyad Mosque and Sayyidah Ruqayya Mosque, and around Sayyidah Zaynab Mosque. The Shia Twelvers in Syria have close links to the Lebanese Shi'a Twelvers.
The Ismailis of Syria, numbering about 200,000 or 1% percent of the population, are predominantly Nizaris.