For example, nearly three-quarters of current Protestants in Colombia were raised Catholic, and 84% say they were baptized as Catholics.The survey asked former Catholics who have converted to Protestantism about the reasons they did so.Overall, 84% of Latin American adults report that they were raised Catholic, 15 percentage points more than currently identify as Catholic.
But on some questions, regional medians are reported to help readers see cross-national patterns.
The median is the middle number in a list of numbers sorted in ascending or descending order.
Roughly half say they belong to a Pentecostal church.
And, in most countries, at least a quarter say they belong to another Protestant church or that they do not know their denomination.
And the survey finds that Protestants in the region are much more likely than Catholics to report sharing their faith with people outside their own religious group.
While the movement from Catholicism to Protestantism has occurred among people of all ages and socio-economic levels, the survey reveals some broad demographic patterns among converts.
Historical data suggest that for most of the 20th century, from 1900 through the 1960s, at least 90% of Latin America’s population was Catholic (See History of Religious Change).
Today, the Pew Research survey shows, 69% of adults across the region identify as Catholic.
Just one-in-ten Latin Americans (9%) were raised in Protestant churches, but nearly one-in-five (19%) now describe themselves as Protestants.
And while only 4% of Latin Americans were raised without a religious affiliation, twice as many (8%) are unaffiliated today.
(For details, see Chapter 9.) Protestants in Latin America, like Protestants elsewhere, belong to a diverse group of denominations and independent churches.