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More evidence from various caves and digs has shown that Neanderthals wielded tools and weapons, wore ornaments, had cultural and religious rites, ceremoniously burying their dead.

is their brain size, which is more than 13% larger than our own brain size.

Apart from being considered the oldest musical instrument in the world, this flutes greatest significance lies in its association with The Neanderthal race could have composed music, sung to it and possibly danced to it no differently than humans today.The ability to create music on a multiple note instrument reveals evidence of imagination and abstract thought.This industry is characterized by the many tool types found, including spear points, stone lances and wooden spears with fire hardened points.Neanderthals made these different types of implements, for both "military" and domestic use, it provides evidence of their ability to plan, think and scheme. Fossil remains indicate Neanderthal voice boxes containing the vocal cords were capable of making the same sounds as modern humans.The skull was unlike anything seen before, having a flattened cranium with a heavy brow ridge above large eye sockets.

Nearby, workers also uncovered an assortment of thick and heavily fossilized bones.In succeeding years many further specimens have been found, not only in the German Neander Valley, but in with rickets, caused by a deficiency of vitamin D.He considered that the flattened head was caused by repeated powerful blows (his examination was done pre Darwinism 1859).As they lived alongside humans it is reasonable to conclude they spoke the same language or if not learned to speak it becoming bi-lingual.is made out of the leg bone of a young bear still retaining its four finger holes.The average Neanderthal brain measured 1,500 milliliters in volume compared to less than 1,400 milliliters for humans current world-wide average.