A common ploy of investment scammers is to encourage a mark to use money concealed from tax authorities.The mark cannot go to the authorities without revealing that he has committed tax fraud.This trick was featured in the HBO series Deadwood, when Al Swearengen and E. Farnum trick Brom Garret into believing gold is to be found on the claim Swearengen intends to sell him.
Persuasion fraud, when fraudsters persuade people only to target their money, is an old-fashioned type of fraud.
A grandparent gets a call or e-mail from someone claiming to be their grandchild, saying that they are in trouble abroad.
This list of confidence tricks and scams should not be considered complete, but covers the most common examples.
Confidence tricks and scams are difficult to classify, because they change often and often contain elements of more than one type.
Count Victor Lustig sold "money-printing machine" which he claimed could copy 0 bills.
The client, sensing huge profits, would buy the machines for a high price (usually over ,000).Many swindles involve a minor element of crime or some other misdeed.The mark is made to think that he will gain money by helping fraudsters get huge sums out of a country (the classic advance-fee fraud/Nigerian scam); hence a mark cannot go to the police without revealing that he planned to commit a crime himself.During gold rushes, scammers would load shotguns with gold dust and shoot into the sides of the mine to give the appearance of a rich ore, thus "salting the mine".Examples include the diamond hoax of 1872 and the Bre-X gold fraud of the mid-1990s.The traditional romance scam has now moved into Internet dating sites.